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Discredited Kiln Sites

The following, formerly claimed as kiln sites, cannot on present evidence be included in the gazetteer:
Hedenham W of village, TM302932; the kiln found in 1858 was probably a lime kiln with burials nearby; there is no mention of ‘wasters’ in contemporary accounts (King 1864).

Kirby Cane Pewter Hill, ?TM373932; tile-built kiln with burials nearby (Norfolk Archaeol. 4 (1855), 313-4); of uncertain date, but probably Medieval.

West Winch Gravel Pit, TF635136 (Phillips 1970, 330); the’kiln’discovered in 1938 was a corn-drying kiln (Norwich C Mus Records).

Weybourne Greenborough Hill, TG126425; the ‘kiln’discovered in 1856 (Bolding 1859, 255-6) was probably a salting.

Bibliography and Abbreviations

AE: Archaeological Excavations (Dept of the Environment: HMSO).

Atkinson, D. 1929. The Roman Villa at Gayton Thorpe.Norfolk Archaeol. 23 (1929), 166-209.

Atkinson, D. 1932. Three Caistor Pottery Kilns. J. Roman Stud. 22 (1932), 33-46.

Atkinson, D. 1937. Roman Pottery from CaƮstor-next-Norwich. Norfolk Archaeol. 26 (1937), 197-230.

BB: Black-burnished ware (see Glossary).

BM, London: The British Museum, Bloomsbury, London.

Bolding, W. J. 1859. Notice of an ancient potter’s kiln discovered in the parish of Weybourne in the Hundred of Holt. Norfolk Archaeol. 5 ( 1859), 254-6.

Browne, Sir T. 1712. Concerning some Urnes found in Brampton-Field, in Norfolk, Ann. 1667. London.

Caistor 00: Pottery type-numbers from sequence in Atkinson 1932 and 1937. Cam. 00: Vessel-form numbers in Hawkes, C. F. C. and Hull, M. R. Camulodunum. Rept. Res. Comm. Soc. Antiq. London 14 (1947).

CBA Grp 6 Bull: Council for British Archaeology (regional) Group 6 Bulletin.

CBA Grp 7 Bull: Council for British Archaeology (regional) Group 7 Bulletin.

Clarke, R. R. 1935. Notes on the Archaeology of Markshall. Norfolk Archaeol. 25 (1935), 354-67.

Clarke, R. R. 1937. The Roman Villages at Brettenham and Needham and the contemporary Road System.Norfolk Archaeol. 26 (1937), 123-63.

Clarke, R. R. 1939. The Iron Age in Norfolk and Suffolk. Archaeol. J. 96 (1939), 1-113.

Clarke, W. G. 1920. A Romano-British Site at Santon.Proc. Prehist. Soc. E. Anglia 3 (1920), 206-8.

Edwards, D. 1977. The Air Photographs Collection of the Norfolk Archaeological Unit, Second Report. E. Anglian Archaeol. 5, 225-37. Norfolk Archaeol. Unit, Gressenhall.

Fox, G. E. 1889. Roman Norfolk. Archaeol. J. 46 (1889), 331-67.

Frere and Clarke 1945. Frere, S. S. and Clarke, R. R. The Romano-British Village at Needham, Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeol. 28 (1945), 187-216.

Gillam 00: Vessel-type numbers in Gillam, J. P. 1970. Types of Roman Coarse Pottery Vessels in Northern Britain. 3rd ed. Newcastle upon Tyne.

Green, C. 1977. Excavations in the Roman Kiln Field at Brampton, 1973-4. E. Anglian Archaeol. 5, 31-95. Norfolk Archaeol. Unit, Gressenhall.

Gregory, A. 1979. Early Romano-British pottery production at Thorpe St Andrew, Norwich. Norfolk Archaeol. 39 (1979), 202-7.

GT 00: Gayton Thorpe: Pottery type-numbers in Atkinson 1929.

Gunn, J. 1880. The Roman Pottery Kiln found at Caistor near Yarmouth. J. Brit. Archaeol. Ass. 36 (1880), 206-8.

Hartley and Richards 1965. Hartley, K. F. and Richards, E. E. Spectrographic Analysis of some Romano-British Mortaria. Univ. London Inst. Archaeol. BUll. 5 (1965), 25-43.

Howlett, D. R. 1960. A Romano-British Pottery Kiln at Upper Sheringham, Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeol. 32 (1960), 211-19.

JRS: Journal of Roman Studies.

King, S. W. 1864. Notes on a Roman Kiln and Urns found at Hedenham near Bungay. Norfolk Archaeol. 6 (1864), 149-60.

King’s Lynn Mus: The Lynn Museum, King’s Lynn.

Knowles, A. K. 1967. A Roman Pottery Kiln at Brampton, Norfolk. Norfolk Research Committee Bulletin 17 (1967), 12-15.

Knowles, A. K. 1968. Roman Pottery Kilns at Brampton, Norfolk (unpubl. TS account and MS drawings in Norwich Castle Museum).

Knowles, A. K. 1977. The Roman Settlement at Brampton: Interim Report. Britannia 8 (1977),209-21.

Lawson, A. J. 1983. The Archaeology of Witton near North Walsham, Norfolk. E. Anglian Archaeol. 18.

Norfolk Archaeol. Unit, Gressenhall.

NAU: Norfolk Archaeological Unit, Union House, Gressenhall, Dereham.

Norwich C Mus: The Castle Museum, Norwich.

Norwich PL: Norwich Public Library.

NRCB: Norfolk Research Committee Bulletin.

OS: Ordnance Survey.

Phillips, C. W. (ed.) 1970. The Fenland in Roman Times. Royal Geographical Society Research Series No. 5.

PPSEA : Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia.

Reader, F. W. 1909. Report on the Excavations (1906-7) of the Red Hills Exploration Committee. Proc. Soc. Antiq. London 2 ser. 22 (1909), 164-214.

Sandringham E Mus: Wolferton Station Museum, Sandringham Estate, King’s Lynn.

SASL: Library of Surrey Archaeol. Soc, Castle Arch Museum, Guildford.

Swan, V. G. 1981. Caistor by Norwich reconsidered and the Dating of Pottery in East Angiia. in Anderson, A. C. and Anderson, A. S. Roman Pottery Research in Britain and North-West Europe. Papers presented to Dr G.Webster. BAR Int. Series 123(1981). Oxford.

Thetford Mus: The Ancient House Museum, White Hart Street, Thetford.

Williams, J. F. 1929. An Early Site at Stoke Ferry. Norfolk Archaeol. 23 (1929), 16-18.

WN and KLAS: West Norfolk and King’s Lynn Archaeological Society.