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Yorkshire: East Riding & York

Discredited Kiln Sites

The following, formerly claimed as kiln sites, cannot on present evidence be included in the gazetteer:
Barmby Moor California; the site is not precisely located but probably lay within grid space SE7549; the evidence for the ‘kiln’ listed by Kitson Clark (1935, 63) cannot be substantiated; on air-photographs, there is evidence for a complex of enclosures, probably including a settlement, but field-walking of an extensive ploughed area in the 1970s failed to locate any surface indications of pottery production (inf. A Sumpter) and the existence of a kiln must remain in doubt.

Laxton Metham Moor, NW of Metham Hall; area centred SE80752535 approx; no surface indications are visible in the general vicinity of the alleged ‘Roman pottery’ recorded in the last century (Sheahan and Whellan 1856, ii, 609;Bulmer 1892, 672), but substantial evidence for medieval settlement in the area suggests that the supposed pottery might also have been medieval.

Bibliography and Abbreviations

AE: Archaeological Excavations (Dept. of the Environment: HMSO).

ARTYPS: Annual Report and Transactions of the Yorkshire Philosophical Society.

Bulmer 1892, Bulmer, T. and Co. History, Topography, and Directory of East Yorkshire with Hull, comprising its ancient and modern history. Ashton-on-Ribble.

Cam. 00: Vessel-form numbers in Hawkes, C. F. C. and Hull, M. R. Camulodunum. Rept. Res. Comm. Soc. Antiq. London 14 (1947).

Corder, P. 1932. The Roman Pottery at Throlam, Holme-on-Spalding Moor, East Yorkshire. Roman Malton and District Report 3 (1932). Hull.

Corder and Kirk 1932, Corder, P. and Kirk, J. L. A Roman Villa at Langton, near Malton, East Yorkshire. Roman Malton and District Report 4 (1932). Leeds.

Dr. 00: Standard numbering of samian ware forms, after Dragendorf, H. 1865. Terra Sigillata. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte griechischen und römischen Keramik. Bonner Jahrbuch 46 (1865), 18-55.

Gillam 00: Vessel-type numbers in Gillam, J. P. 1970. ,Types of Roman Coarse Pottery Vessels in Northern Britain. 3rd ed. Newcastle upon Tyne.

Greene 00: Form-numbers of vessels from Usk fortress in Greene, K. The Pottery from Usk. In Detsicas, A. P. (ed.) Current Research in Romano-British Coarse Pottery. C.B.A. Res. Rept. 10 (1973). London.

Halkon, P, 1983. Romano-British Industries at Holme-on-Spalding Moor. E. Riding Archaeol. 7 (1983).

Hayes and Whitley 1950. Hayes, R. H. and Whitley, E. The Roman Pottery at Norton, East Yorkshire. Roman Malton and District Report 7 (1950). Leeds.

Hicks and Wilson 1975. Hicks, J. D. and Wilson, J. A. Romano-British Kilns at Hasholme. E. Riding Archaeol. 2 (1975), 49-70.

Hull TA Mus: Transport and Archaeology Museum, 36 High Street, Hull.

King, E. 1974. Roman Kiln Material from the Borthwick Institute, Peasholme Green: a report from York Excavation Group. In Addyman, P, V. Excavations at York, 1972-3. First Interim Report. Antiq. J. (1974), 213-17.

Kitson Clark, M. 1935. A Gazetteer of Roman Remains East Yorkshire. Roman Malton and District Report 5 (1935). Leeds.

Lincoln CC Mus: Lincolnshire City and County Museum, Broadgate, Lincoln.

Lloyd, G. D. 1968. A Roman Pottery Kiln in the Lockington. E. Riding Archaeol. 1 (1968), 28-38.

Loughlin and Miller 1979. Loughlin, N. and Miller, K.R. A Survey of Archaeological Sites in Humberside. Humberside Joint Archaeological Committee, Hull.

Malton Mus: Malton Museum, The Market Place, N. Yorks.

Norton 00: Vessel-type numbers in Hayes and Whitley 1950.

OS: Ordnance Survey.

Perrin, J. R. 1977. ‘Legionary’ ware in York. In Dore, J. and Greene, K. (eds.). Roman Pottery Studies in Britain and Beyond. Papers presented to John Gillam, July 1977. BAR Suppl. Series 30 (1977). Oxford.

Perrin 00: York ‘legionary’ ware vessel-type numbers Perrin 1977.

PP: Private possession.

Ramm, H. 1978. The Parisi. Peoples of Roman Britain Series, London.

RCHM: Royal Commission on Historical Monuments (England).

Reader, E. M. 1972. Broomfleet and Faxfleet: two townships through two thousand years. York.

Robinson, J. F. 1978. The Archaeology of Malton and Norton. Yorkshire Archaeol. Society, Leeds.

Sheahan and Whellan 1856. Sheahan, J. J. and Whellan, T. History and Topography of the City of York; the Ainsty Wapentake, and the East Riding of Yorkshire. II. Beverley.

TSDAS: Transactions of the Scarborough and District Archaeological Society.

YAJ: Yorkshire Archaeological Journal.

YEG: York Excavation Group.

Y Mus, York: The Yorkshire Museum, Museum Gardens, York.