Posted on


Discredited Kiln Sites

The following, formerly claimed as kiln sites, cannot on present evidence be included in the gazetteer:
Ancaster Charlestown, SK98644426; the alleged Roman kiln (Trollope 1870, 11; idem. 1872,480-82) is structurally unlike Romano-British kilns and now seems likely to have been an old malting-oven connected with the adjacent malt-houses (inf. J. B. Whitwell).

Hagworthingham TF347705; no evidence known for wasters, kiln-debris or furniture from this suggested kiln site (OS Records), and material suggests domestic occupation with some iron-working.

Hemingby TF23767619; no evidence known for wasters, kiln-debris or furniture from this suggested kiln site (OS Records), and material suggests domestic occupation with some iron-working.

Maidenwell TF34647110;’brick and tile’and pottery (PSAL 2nd ser. 8 (1979-81), 368-9) appear to have related to a domestic building; no evidence cited for wasters or kiln-furniture.

Wrangle TF415531; the supposed kiln (EMAB 2 (1959), 10) was probably a saltern with domestic occupation adjacent, since it occurred in an area of known Romano-British salterns.

Bibliography and Abbreviations

AJ: Archaeological Journal.

Baker, F. T. 1937. Roman Pottery Kiln at Lincoln. The Lincolnshire Magazine 3.7 (1937), 1-4.

Baker, F. T. 1938. Roman Lincoln. Lincoln Branch of Historical Association. Lincoln.

Baker, F. T. 1941. Pottery Kiln on Linwood Warren. The De Astonian 8.106 (Summer 1941), 26 (The Magazine of De Aston School, Market Rasen, Lincs.).
BB: Black-burnished ware (see Glossary).

BB2: Black-burnished ware, Category 2 (see Glossary).

BM, London: The British Museum, Bloomsbury, London.

Bourne GS: Bourne Grammar School, Bourne, Lincs.

Brough IV, 00: Pottery-form numbers in Corder, P. and Romans, T. Excavations at Brough, East Yorkshire.Trans. East Riding Antiq. Soc. 28 (1935-9), 85-152.

Brough V, 00: Pottery-form numbers in Corder, P. and Romans, T. Excavations at Brough – Petuaria. Fifth Report, 1937. Trans. East Riding Antiq. Soc. 28 (1935-9), 173-234.

Bryant, G. F. 1977. A Romano-British Pottery Kiln at Claxby, Lincolnshire: Excavation, Discussion and Experimental Firings. Lincolnshire Hist. Archaeol. 12 (1977), 5-16.

Corder, P. 1950. A Romano-British Pottery Kiln on Lincoln Racecourse. Dept. of Adult Education, University of Nottingham.

Corder, P. 1957. The Structure of Romano-British Pottery Kilns. Archaeol. J. 114 (1957), 10-27.

Darling, M. J. 1977. A Group of Late Roman Pottery from Lincoln. Lincoln Archaeol. Trust Monograph Series XVI.i.

Doncaster Mus: Doncaster Museum and Art Gallery, Chequer Road, Doncaster.

Dr. 00: Standard numbering of samian ware forms, after Dragendorf, H. 1865. Terra Sigillata. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte griechischen und römischen Keramik.Bonner Jahrbuch 46 (1865), 18-155.

Dudley, H. 1949. Early Days in North-West Lincolnshire. Scunthorpe.

Elsdon, S. M.1982. Parisian Ware: A Study of the Stamped Wares of the Roman Period in Lincolnshire, Humberside and South Yorkshire. Vorda Research Series 4. Highworth,Swindon.

Elsdon Form O: Vessel-type numbers in Elsdon 1982.

EMAB: East Midlands Archaeological Bulletin.

Fowler, J. T.1869. An Account of the Discovery of a Romano-British Potter’s Kiln at Winterton, near Brigg. The Reliquary 9 (1869), 145-6, pi. XX.

Gillam 00: Vessel-type numbers in Gillam, J. P. 1970. Types of Roman Coarse Pottery Vessels in Northern Britain. 3rd ed. Newcastle upon Tyne.

Grantham Mus: Grantham Museum,St Peter’s Hill, Grantham.

GPL Mus AR: Grantham Public Library and Museum Annual Report.

Hannah, I. C. 1932. Roman Blast Furnace in Lincolnshire. Antiq. J. 12 (1932), 262-8.

Hartley, K. F. 1976. Mortaria. In Stead 1976, 116-26.

Hull Mus: Transportand Archaeology Museum, 36 High Street, Hull.

ILN: The Illustrated London News.

JRS: Journal of Roman Studies.

LAASRP: Lincolnshire Archaeological and Architectural Society Reports and Papers.

LHA: Lincolnshire History and Archaeology.

Lincoln CC Mus: Lincolnshire City and County Museum, Broadgate, Lincoln.

Loughlin, N. 1977. Dales Ware: A Contribution to the Study of Roman Coarse Pottery. In Peacock, D.P.S.(ed.) 1977. Pottery and Early Commerce: Characterisation and Trade in Roman and Later Ceramics. London.

McWhirr, A.1979. Tile-Kilns in Roman Britain. In McWhîrr, A. (ed.). Roman Brick and Tile. BAR Int.Series 68 (1979), 97-189. Oxford.

May, J. 1970. Dragonby: An Interim Report on Excavations on an Iron Age and Romano-British Site near Scunthorpe,Lincolnshire, 1964-9. Antiq. J. 50 (1970), 222-45.

Newark Mus: Newark Museum, Appleton Gate, Newark.

NLAU: North Lincolnshire Archaeological Unit, County Planning Dept., County Offices, Newland, Lincoln.

NLAU SMR: North Lincolnshire Archaeological Unit Sites and Monuments Record, County Planning Dept.,County Offices, Newland, Lincoln.

Nottingham U Mus: Nottingham University Museum, Department of Classics and Archaeology, The University, Wollaton Park, Nottingham.

OS: Ordnance Survey.

Oswald, A. 1937a. The Roman Pottery Kilns at Little London, Torksey, Lincolnshire (privately printed).

Oswald, A. 1937b. A Roman fortified villa at Norton Disney, Lincolnshire. Antiq. J. 17 (1937), 138-78.

Preston, H. 1916. Romano-British Remains at Saltersford, near Grantham. Lincolnshire Notes and Queries 14 (1916), 33-50.

PSAL: Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of London.

Richmond, I. A. 1946. The Roman City of Lincoln.Archaeol. J. 103 (1946), 26-56.

SA London: The Library of the Society of Antiquaries of London, Burlington House, Piccadilly, London.

Samuels, J. 1979. The Excavation of two Romano-British Pottery Kilns at Barnetby Top, South Humberside.Lincolnshire Hist. Archaeol. 14 (1979), 11-19.

Scunthorpe Mus: Borough Museum and Art Gallery, Oswald Road, Scunthorpe.

Simmons, B. B. 1979. The Lincolnshire Car Dyke: Navigation or Drainage? Britannia 10 (1979), 183-96.

Simmons, B. B. 1980. Iron Age and Roman Coasts around the Wash. In Thompson, F. H. (ed,,). Archaeology and Coastal Change. Soc. Antiq. London Occasional Paper new series 1 (1980).

SLAU: South Lincolnshire Archaeological Unit, Heckington Station, Sleaford, Lincs.

SLHA: Society for Lincolnshire History and Archaeology.

Stead, I. M. 1976. Excavations at Winterton Roman Villa and other Roman Sites in North Lincolnshire 1958-67. Dept. of the Environment Archaeoi. Report 9. London.

Swanpool 00: Vessel-type numbers in Webster and Booth 1947.

Thompson, F. H. 1958. A Romano-British Pottery kiln at North Hykeham, Lincolnshire; with an Appendix on the Typology, Dating and Distribution of ‘Rustic’ Ware in Great Britain. Antiq. J. 38 (1958), 15-51.

Todd, M. 1968a. The Commoner Late Roman Coarse Wares of the East Midlands. Antiq. J. 48 (1968), 192-209.

Todd, M. 1968b. ‘Trent Valley Ware’, a Roman Coarse Ware of the Middle and Lower Trent Valley. Trans. Thoroton Soc. Nottinghamshire 72 (1968), 38-41.

Trollope, E. 1870.Ancaster, the Roman Causennae. Archaeoi. J. 27 (1870), 1-15.

Trollope, E. 1872. Sleaford and the Wapentakes of Flaxwell and Aswardhun in the County of Lincoln. London.

Webster, G. 1944. A Roman Pottery at South Carlton, Lincolnshire. Antiq. J. 24 (1944), 129-43.

Webster, G. 1960. A Romano-British Pottery Kiln at Rookery Lane, Lincoln. Antiq. J. 40 (1960), 214-20.

Webster and Booth 1947. Webster, G. and Booth, N. A Romano-British pottery kiln at Swanpool, near Lincoln. Antiq. J. 27 (1947), 61-79.

Whitwell, J. B. 1970. Roman Lincolnshire. History of Lincoln II. Lincoln.

Whitwell, J. B. 1982. The Coritani: Some Aspects of the Iron Age Tribe and the Roman Civitas. BAR British Series 99. Oxford.

Whitwell and Wood 1969. Whitwell, J. B. and Wood,K. F. Three pottery kiln sites in Lincolnshire located by proton gradîometer (max bleep) survey and confirmed by excavation. Prospezioni Archeologiche 4 (1969), 125-29.